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10 Most Medieval Cities in Belgium

Belgium, a country often revered for its chocolates and beers, is also a treasure trove of medieval history. The nation’s cities, with their cobbled streets and towering belfries, tell tales of a bygone era. Let’s embark on a journey to discover the 10 most enchanting medieval cities in Belgium, each with its unique allure.

1. Bruges: The Venice of the North

Bruges, often called the ‘Venice of the North’, is a medieval wonder. The city’s historic center, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a maze of winding canals, ancient bridges, and cobbled streets. The Belfry of Bruges, a prominent symbol of the city’s medieval heritage, offers panoramic views. The Markt square, surrounded by guild houses and the Gothic-style town hall, is a bustling hub that transports you back to the Middle Ages.

2. Ghent: A Blend of History and Culture

Ghent’s medieval past is vividly present in its architecture, waterways, and narrow lanes. The Gravensteen, a 12th-century castle, stands as a reminder of the city’s feudal history. St. Bavo’s Cathedral, housing the famous Ghent Altarpiece, is a masterpiece of medieval art. The city’s medieval port, Graslei, with its row of historic buildings, reflects Ghent’s former glory as a trade center.

3. Antwerp: A Medieval Diamond

Known for its diamond district, Antwerp also sparkles with medieval history. The Cathedral of Our Lady, one of the finest Gothic buildings in Europe, dominates the city skyline. The Grote Markt, surrounded by 16th-century guildhalls, is the historical heart of the city. Antwerp’s medieval castles, like Het Steen, add to the city’s historic charm.

4. Leuven: A University Town with Medieval Roots

Leuven, home to one of Europe’s oldest universities, is steeped in medieval heritage. The University Library and the Old Market Square, lined with centuries-old pubs and cafes, are central to the city’s charm. The Gothic Town Hall, with its ornate fa├žades, is a marvel of medieval architecture.

5. Tournai: An Ancient Gem

Tournai is one of Belgium’s oldest cities, with a rich medieval past. The Notre-Dame Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is an architectural wonder with five imposing towers. The Belfry of Tournai, the oldest in Belgium, offers breathtaking views of the city. The Pont des Trous, an iconic medieval bridge, spans the Scheldt River, adding to the city’s picturesque landscape.

6. Mechelen: A Medieval Tapestry

Mechelen, nestled between Brussels and Antwerp, boasts a well-preserved medieval center. St. Rumbold’s Cathedral, with its towering belfry, is the city’s focal point. Mechelen’s former palaces, like the Hof van Busleyden, now house museums showcasing the city’s art and history.

7. Dinant: The Pearl of the Meuse

Perched along the Meuse River, Dinant’s medieval roots are evident in its stunning landscape. The Collegiate Church of Notre Dame, with its remarkable onion dome, and the Citadel, perched high above the town, are testaments to its medieval past. The city’s bridge, adorned with saxophones, pays homage to Adolphe Sax, the inventor of the saxophone and a native of Dinant.

8. Namur: Where Rivers Meet History

Namur, at the confluence of the Meuse and Sambre rivers, is rich in medieval heritage. The Citadel of Namur, a grand fortress, offers insights into the city’s strategic importance in medieval times. The old town, with its narrow streets and quaint houses, exudes a medieval charm.

9. Ypres: The Medieval Cloth City

Ypres, known for its tragic World War I history, has a rich medieval heritage. The Cloth Hall, a massive Gothic building in the Grote Markt, speaks of the city’s past prosperity as a cloth trade center. The Menin Gate, though a later addition, is a poignant reminder of the city’s resilience.

10. Mons: A Cultural Capital

Mons, a European Capital of Culture, boasts a medieval heart. The Belfry, a UNESCO World Heritage site, offers panoramic views of the city. The Collegiate Church of Saint Waudru showcases stunning Gothic architecture, and the Grand Place is a lively spot surrounded by medieval and Renaissance buildings.


Belgium’s medieval cities are not just about historic buildings and cobbled streets; they are about experiencing a rich past that still echoes through their bustling market squares, serene canals, and majestic cathedrals. Each city offers a unique journey through time, where the tales of knights, merchants, and scholars come alive. Whether you are a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or simply a lover of timeless beauty, Belgium’s medieval cities await with stories untold and wonders unseen.